The evolving definition of educational technology is yet another personal and professional reminder that change is indeed constant. Project Socrates concluded that technology exploitation is the foundation of all competitive advantage and that declining US competitiveness was from decision-making in the private and public sectors switching from technology exploitation (technology-based planning) to money exploitation (economic-based planning) at the end of World War II.
Perhaps what is most important are the common benefits afforded by these technologies, including: increased information capabilities; miniaturization of systems; new materials resulting from new science at miniature dimensional scales; and increased functionality and autonomy for systems.
He includes the examples of Japan’s rejection of guns, and religious groups such as the Amish or Mennonites, who carefully consider the effects of any technology on their society before adopting it. He points out that a common view is that mechanical systems are deterministic or inevitable.
In physics , the discovery of nuclear fission has led to both nuclear weapons and nuclear power Computers were also invented and later miniaturized utilizing transistors and integrated circuits Information technology subsequently led to the creation of the Internet , which ushered in the current Information Age Humans have also been able to explore space with satellites (later used for telecommunication ) and in manned missions going all the way to the moon.
An interesting recent exception, and an attempt to consolidate a number of recent developments and to articulate them into a more general account of what an ethics of technology should look like, is the collection of essays Pragmatist ethics for a technological culture (Keulartz et al. 2002).