Two internationally acclaimed artists now showing at FACT (Foundation for Art and Creative Technology), as part of the Liverpool Biennial 06, 16 September – 26 November, are amongst the first to have benefited form new High Definition production equipment which is now available for hire. Significantly it is only the academic outsider Ellul who has, in his idiosyncratic way, recognized in technology the emergent single dominant way of answering all questions concerning human action, comparable to science as the single dominant way of answering all questions concerning human knowledge (Ellul 1964).
Function is also a key concept in biology, however, where no intentionality plays a role, and it is a key concept in cognitive science and the philosophy of mind, where it is crucial in grounding intentionality in non-intentional, structural and physical properties.
Throughout the chapter Nye provides examples of dangers and protections technology has provided us. He ends the chapter by saying, Paradoxically, advanced technologies can make us safer, but to do so they unavoidably expose us to dangers”(Nye, 2007, p.184).
Indeed, technology is the manipulation of nature for human purpose – yes, manipulation of nature, so let us use a slightly different definition of technology. There is a recognition of learner ownership and the role of educational technology being more facilitative rather than controlled.
Although the probability of transfer is low, the use of gene transfer technology that does not involve antibiotic resistance genes is encouraged. Early identification of factors detrimental to the value of human life may prove useful in technology impact assessment to reduce mismatches and smoothen out incongruities.